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Application of polyacrylamide reducing nitrate-N and soluble P losses from a Lou soil in a soil column experiment
Yuan Xuefeng1,2,3, Jian Jinshi4, Wei Xindong1,3, and Ying Yue1
1. School of Earth Science and Resources, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710054, China;
2. Key laboratory of Degraded and Unused Land Consolidation Engineering, Ministry of Land and Resources, Xi’an 710075, China;
3.  College of Land Engineering, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710054, China;
4. Department of Crop & Environmental Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg VA 24061, USA
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Abstract Anionic polyacrylamide (PAM) can improve soil structure, but the required concentration for soil amendment remains unclear.  In a laboratory soil column experiment, PAM was used to control nitrate-nitrogen (N) and soluble phosphorus (P) losses from a Lou soil collected from Guanzhong irrigation area, China.  The tested PAM concentrations were: 0 (control), 100, 200, 400, and 500 ppm. Deionized water (200 mL) was added to each column and allowed to leach over 4 d, with the resultant leachates collected and analysed for nitrate-N and soluble P.  This process was totally repeated six times (i.e., 24 d of total leaching).  The results revealed that PAM had an inhibitory effect on the nutrients in the soil columns.  In general, with increasing PAM concentration, the inhibitory effect on the nutrients was significantly increased.  In the collected leachate, mean nitrate-N and soluble P concentrations were at least 8.64% and 17.89% lower, respectively, in the PAM treatments than those in the control.  The soluble P concentrations in the leachate in the initial three sampling times were lower than those in the final three sampling times, whereas the opposite trend was observed for the nitrate-N concentration.  There was a significant logarithmic and linear relationship between leaching time, nitrate-N and cumulative soluble P leakage, respectively.  Nitrate-N and cumulative soluble P leakage in the leachate were 29.07%–56.12% and 18.37%–42.71% less, respectively, for the PAM treatments than those for the control.  This study provides a reference to the concentration of PAM for use in future field experiments.
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Articles by authors
Yuan Xuefeng1
2
3
Jian Jinshi4
Wei Xindong1
3
and Ying Yue1
Key wordspolyacrylamide   soil column experiment   nutrient leaching   soluble phosphorus   nitrate-nitrogen   Lou soil     
Received: 2016-10-26; Published: 2017-03-01
Corresponding Authors: Jian Jinshi, Department of Crop & Environmental Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg VA 24061, USA. Email: jianjinshi734@gmail.com.   
Cite this article:   
Yuan Xuefeng1,2,3 et al. Application of polyacrylamide reducing nitrate-N and soluble P losses from a Lou soil in a soil column experiment[J]. IAEJ, 2017, 26(1): 1-8.
URL:  
http://114.255.9.31/iaej/EN/     or     http://114.255.9.31/iaej/EN/Y2017/V26/I1/1
 
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